Maksim IvanovProgramming tutorials

React Props

February 24, 2019

In ReactJS props is how components get data from their parent. When you add a tag to your JSX code and pass it some attributes - the components referenced by this tag will receive them as a props object.

<UserCard name="Maksim" surname="Ivanov" />

In this example name and surname will end up in props object that will look like this:

{
    name: 'Maksim',
    surname: 'Ivanov',
    // Other props...
}

Components defined as a function get props as an argument:

const UserCard = props => {
  return (
    <div>
      <h1>{props.name}</h1>
      <p>{props.bio}</p>
    </div>
  )
}

In class components props are available as this.props on Component instance.

import React, { Component } from 'react'

class UserCard extends Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        <h1>{this.props.name}</h1>
        <p>{this.props.bio}</p>
      </div>
    )
  }
}

Props Are Read-Only

Regardless of how did you define your component, as function or a class, you must never modify props.

You can only read their values and never modify them. It is a convention you need to accept when using ReactJS.

Children

There is a special kind of prop called children. This prop contains values passed in the body of the component:

<ParentComponent>
  <ChildComponent/>
</ParentComponent>

In this example <ChildComponent> will be available inside <ParentComponent> as props.children:

const ParentComponent = ({children}) => (
    <div>
      {children}
    </div>
)

You can use it inside your components layout to render items passed as the body of your component.

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