Maksim IvanovProgramming tutorials

Html Entities

February 23, 2019

HTML entities are strigns inside HTML code that start with ampersand & and end with semicolon ;. They allow you to add wide variety of characters to your HTML code.

For example < and > characters are reserved in HTML because they are used to enclose HTML tags. But if you need to display one of them on the page you can use &gt; to display > and &lt; for <.

HTML entities can be referenced by name, like we did with &gt; and &lt, but they also have numeric references: hexadecimal and decimal.

For examle &gt; can also be referenced as &#62; and &lt; can be referenced as &#60;.

Some of the entities don’t have named reference and can only be referenced by their decimal or hexadecimal reference. Like for example celsius sign &#8451;

Here is a list of some popular HTML entities:

Character Entity Hexadecimal Decimal Name
© &copy; &#x000A9; &#169; COPYRIGHT SIGN
® &reg; &circledR; &#x000AE; &#174; REGISTERED SIGN
&trade; &#x02122; &#8482; TRADE MARK SIGN
> &gt; &#x0003E; &#62; GREATER-THAN SIGN
< &lt; &#x0003C; &#60; LESS-THAN SIGN
; &semi; &#x0003B; &#59; SEMICOLON
& &amp; &#x00026; &#38; AMPERSAND
&quot; &#x00022; &#34; QUOTATION MARK
# &num; &#x00023; &#35; NUMBER SIGN
&starf; &bigstar; &#x02605; &#9733; BLACK STAR
&star; &#x02606; &#9734; WHITE STAR
&#x02702; &#9986; BLACK SCISSORS
&check; &checkmark; &#x02713; &#10003; CHECK MARK
&cross; &#x02717; &#10007; BALLOT X
&#x02729; &#10025; STRESS OUTLINED WHITE STAR
&#x0272A; &#10026; CIRCLED WHITE STAR
&#x0275E; &#10078; HEAVY DOUBLE COMMA QUOTATION MARK ORNAMENT
&#x02764; &#10084; HEAVY BLACK HEART
&larr; &leftarrow; &LeftArrow; &slarr; &ShortLeftArrow; &#x02190; &#8592; LEFTWARDS ARROW
&uarr; &uparrow; &UpArrow; &ShortUpArrow; &#x02191; &#8593; UPWARDS ARROW
&rarr; &rightarrow; &RightArrow; &srarr; &ShortRightArrow; &#x02192; &#8594; RIGHTWARDS ARROW
&darr; &downarrow; &DownArrow; &ShortDownArrow; &#x02193; &#8595; DOWNWARDS ARROW
&euro; &#x020AC; &#8364; EURO SIGN
&#x025B6; &#9654; BLACK RIGHT-POINTING TRIANGLE
&xdtri; &bigtriangledown; &#x025BD; &#9661; WHITE DOWN-POINTING TRIANGLE
&#x025C9; &#9673; FISHEYE
&sum; &Sum; &#x02211; &#8721; N-ARY SUMMATION
&#x02139; &#8505; INFORMATION SOURCE
&numero; &#x02116; &#8470; NUMERO SIGN
&copysr; &#x02117; &#8471; SOUND RECORDING COPYRIGHT
&#x02103; &#8451; DEGREE CELSIUS
&#x02109; &#8457; DEGREE FAHRENHEIT
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